How to Record Rap Vocals ⋆ Stock Music Musician

How to Record Rap Vocals

How to Record rap vocals

Anyone can learn how to record rap vocals in a home studio with great results.

But don’t buy into the hype of needing super expensive gear. If you focus on learning how to record rap vocals, then you can get really nice sounding vocals for cheap, and it does not require crazy skills or a fortune. 

In fact, you can get amazing sounds with your audio interface, a mic around $100, and a couple of plugins applied with care. Seriously – here’s a clip recorded with that $100 MXL 990 mic

This guide will coverthe following

Now that sounds pretty damn good for a $100 dollar mic, right? So this guide will teach you how to get that sound. 

In fact, here’s how I basically used a cheap ass mic to record an entire hip hop EP which got a publishing deal that earned us a nice chunk of change.

If you want to skip around, it includes the following sections:

Quick NavigationBest Mic for Recording Hip Hop VocalsMic Placement (The Best Way to Record Vocals)Preparing the RoomPreparing the Artist to Record Rap VocalsRecording Hip Hop Vocals TechniquesMic Check…one two(Setting levels to record hip hop vocals)Prepare the Headphone MixStop. Collaborate. And listen.Getting a Great Rap Vocal PerformanceHow to Mix Rap Vocals ProfessionallyHow to EQ Rap VocalsCompressing Hip Hop VocalsEffects on Rap VocalsMastering Rap VocalsFinal thoughts on How to Record Rap Vocals

Best Mic for Recording Hip Hop Vocals

You can record great rap vocals with a cheap mic. I’ve had great results with the MXL 990, so if you’re on a budget, I’d say it’s the best mic for recording rap hip hop vocals. I like it because it has a wonderful presence that allows vocals to cut through the mix with minimal eq. If you can afford a pre-amp (like the warm audio TB 12 mic pre amp), it will really make the vocals sound warm and alive. 

 To record great rap vocals, you need to make sure you have a mic stand and pop filter and an XLR cable. This package includes everything you need.

Do not skip this step.

You will struggle endlessly learning how to record rap vocals if you don’t have a pop filter and a mic stand to get the mic in to position.

Tips for recording rap vocals: The secret to recording good hip hop vocals all comes down to having a well positioned microphone to get good results! And a pop filter is a must to get minimize certain plosive sounds.

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If you don’t already have an audio interface, you’ll need one like the Focusrite Scarlett to get your microphone signal into your computer (please don’t by a USB microphone – you will literally outgrow it in a minute and then have wasted all your money on it). 

You’ll also need some recording software, if you don’t already have any.

Most professionals call recording software a DAW (digital audio workstation).  If you’ve already got one, you’re golden. If you’ve got a Mac, you can get started with Garageband.

And if you’re on a PC, I’d recommend starting with Reason Essentials by Propllerhead Software. It’s under a $100, it’s powerful, and it lets you upgrade to my favorite DAW, Reason, when you’re read.

If you have the budget for it, I’d recommend a warm audio Tone Beast mic pre amp, but this isn’t that necessary.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-Nggj72hIg&t=1s

You can record great rap vocals with a cheapmic. I really recommend the MXL 990. It’s under a hundred bucks, but it has awonderful presence that allows vocals to cut through the mix with minimal eq.If you can afford a pre-amp, it will really make the vocals sound warm andalive. I recommend either of Warm Audio’s mic pre’s, depending on your budget.

 

Finally, you need to make sure you have a mic standand pop filter.

Mic Placement (The Best Way to Record Vocals)

Recording great hip hop vocals for cheap starts with your room.  You need to spend some time figuring out where to record vocals. The deader the space, the better. So find a room that has lots of carpets and soft things. Tile and wood are bad. 

How do you determine deadness?

You can test how reflective your room is by clapping as you walk around. The more echo you hear, the worse. Try to find the spot with the least echo. Nothing will be perfect, though.  

Tips for recording rap vocals: You can test how reflective your room is by clapping as you walk around. The more echo you hear, the worse. Try to find the spot with the least echo. Nothing will be perfect, though.  

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Next, you want to figure out where the loudest ambient noises in your room are. Do you have windows next to a busy street? Aloud computer?  A refrigerator that keeps turning on.

Well, point your microphone AWAY from the loudest noise. If it’s a window, then the rapper should face the window and the microphone toward the rapper.  

The reason for this is because cardioid microphones, like the one I recommend (the MXL 990), are really good at rejecting the sounds behind it. So use this to your advantage.

Recording great hip hop vocals for cheapstarts with your room. The deader the space, the better. So find a room thathas lots of carpets and soft things. Tile and wood are bad.

 

You can test how reflective your room is byclapping as you walk around. The more echo you hear, the worse. Try to find thespot with the least echo. Nothing will be perfect, though.

 

Next, you want to figure out where the loudestambient noises in your room are. Do you have windows next to a busy street? Aloud computer?

 

Well, point your microphone AWAY from theloudest noise. If it’s a window, then the rapper should face the window and themicrophone toward the rapper.

 

The reason for this is because the microphone Irecommend (the MXL 990) is really good at rejecting the sound behind it. So usethis to your advantage.

Preparing the Room

You ever wonder why every time you see pictures of a recording studio there’s all of these panels and Persian rugs? It’s because they’re trying to further deaden the space.

So if you’ve got soft stuff like blankets, towels, sleeping bags, pillows, whatever, you can bring them into the room now and try to cover the most reflective surfaces.

Next, before the session, you’ll want to be blasting the air conditioning or heater.

Why? Because you’ll need to turn them off once you start recording (they will make to much noise if they’re on while you’re recording).  So be prepared – it will get hot/cold. 

Make sure you’ve got some water on hand for vocalist, or maybe some tea. And maybe some other substances if that’s your/their thing. 

Also, the vibe of the room is going to be a huge part of it, so set up some mood lighting. I use ​the Phillips Hue to get a good vibe going on. You know, to paint with lights.

If the room stinks, light a candle or some incense. Or take a shower. Come on dude.

 Also, clean up things beforehand. It shows that you’re a professional and trustworthy.

Preparing the Artist to Record Rap Vocals

If you’ve got soft stuff like blankets,towels, sleeping bags, pillows, whatever, you can bring them into the room nowand try to cover the most reflective surfaces.

 

Next, before the session, you’ll want to beblasting the air conditioning or heater. Why? Because you’ll need to turn themoff once you start recording.

 

Make sure you’ve got some water on hand fortheir voice, and maybe some other substances if that’s your/their thing.

 

Also, the vibe of the room is going to be ahuge part of it, so set up some mood lighting. If the room stinks light acandle or some incense.

 

Also, clean up things beforehand. It shows that you’rea professional and trustworthy.

Before the artist sets foot in your studio to record rap vocals, you should have already talked about what you’re aiming to achieve this session. 

One song with multiple takes? Trying to push through multiple songs?

You need to figure that out in advance so you can set expectations and manage the time in the studio. It’s really helpful knowing how many takes you can do and whether you need to record doubles/harmonies and ad/libs, or whether you’re just focusing on getting the basic take.

Second, you need a copy of the lyrics so you can follow along and make sure that they’re hitting the marks. 

Third, you need to stress that the recording will only be as good as their performance, so they should be practicing and they should be sure to have the lyrics memorized. They should also have done some thinking about where they want harmonies and doubles.

Fourth, you need to know if they’re coming by with a crew or not. Sometimes more people is better, but sometimes it can really mess things up, especially if you don’t have a separate, sound-isolated space for recording vocals. All the random noises people make can ruin a take, so don’t be afraid to push back.

Fifth, when it comes to drinking, try to get them to do a few takes sober. You want to make sure you capture a passible take before things get off the rails. The same goes double for smoking. If the rapper’s throat/lungs are burned up, their flow is going to be impacted, so ask them to hold off for a while.

Sixth, once they get to the studio, everyone needs to turn off their phones (you don’t want the vibration interfering with the electronics or a phone buzzing in the middle of the take). They also need to remove their keys, coins, and any thing else that they may be carrying that could make noise when they shuffle. If you’ve got wooden or tile floors, they may need to take off their shoes too.

Finally, you just need to try to get in their heads and give them the encouragement they need to swing for the fences.

Before the rapper sets foot in your studio youshould have already talked about what you’re aiming to achieve this session.

 

One song with multiple takes? Trying to pushthrough multiple songs?

 

You need to figure that out in advance so youcan set expectations and manage the time in the studio. It’s really helpfulknowing how many takes you can do and whether you need to recorddoubles/harmonies and ad/libs, or whether you’re just focusing on getting thebasic take.

 

Second, you need a copy of the lyrics so youcan follow along and make sure that they’re hitting the marks.

 

Third, you need to stress that the recordingwill only be as good as their performance, so if they should be practicing andthey should be sure to have the lyrics memorized. They should also have donesome thinking about where they want harmonies and doubles.

 

Fourth, you need to know if they’re coming bywith a crew or not. Sometimes more people is better, but sometimes it canreally mess things up, especially if you don’t have a separate space forrecording vocals. All the random noises people make can ruin a take, so don’tbe afraid to push back.

 

Fifth, when it comes to drinking, try to getthem to do a few takes sober. You want to make sure you capture a passible takebefore things get off the rails. The same goes double for smoking. IF therapper’s throat/lungs are burned up, their flow is going to be impacted, so askthem to hold off for a while.

 

Sixth, once they get to the studio, everyoneneeds to turn off their phones (you don’t want the vibration interfering withthe electronics or a phone buzzing in the middle of the take). They also needto remove their keys, coins, and any other thing they may be carrying thatcould make noise when they shuffle.

 

Finally, you just need to try to get in their headsand give them the encouragement they need to swing for the fences.

Recording Hip Hop Vocals Techniques

As I said before, you need to get two pieces of equipment, non-negotiable. A mic stand and a pop shield. They don’t cost more than $50,but they are absolutely essential.

This package includes everything you need. They’re affordable, reliable, and get the job done. 

If you don’t have a mic stand, you’ll pick up all sorts of extra noise from the rapper handling the microphone. If you don’t have a pop shield, then the recording will have all sorts of unwanted noise andpops in the recording.

Next, you’ll want to place the mic stand in the position you’ve determined earlier (you know, the deadest space, with the mic pointed away from the loudest noise).

To record great rap vocals, you want the microphone to be slightly higher than the rapper’s mouth, maybe 2-3”inches (this forces them to stand up tall and open up their throats to sing into the mic). Then you want to tilt the center of the microphone down toward the rapper’s mouth. By making the microphone higher, the rapper is forced to open their throat fully and breath better, creating a much better sound.

Now you want the rapper to spit a few lines into the mic, starting about one foot away, but you need to experiment with the distance. Experiment with the sound between about a foot and two and a half feet. The closer you get, the bassier the sound will be, so put some forethought into the sound you’re going for. This bassiness thing is called the proximity effect, and can be a great tool if you understand how to use it. Or it can ruin all your takes.

At the same time, the closer they get to the mic,  the more that small movements from the rapper will result in larger volume fluctuations, which will make mixing the rap vocals much more difficult.

Once you’ve found the distance that is best for each rapper (it will be different based on their voice and delivery style), you want to place the pop filter between the rapper and the mic at that distance.  

Then tell the rapper to sing directly into the pop filter.

Tips for recording rap vocals: Once you’ve found the distance that is best for each rapper, you want to place the pop filter between the rapper and the mic at that distance. Then tell the rapper to sing directly into the pop filter. #musicproduction

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This is a huge tip to recording great hip hop vocals.  

Basically, The pop filter makes it so that the rapper doesn’t have to thinking about where to put their mouth, and it will also help minimize volume fluctuations if their mouth is always in the same place. Now they can just focus on doing their thing.

This video kind of shows you how it’s done. 

Although the mic is a bit lower here then recommended. 

You need to get two pieces of equipment,non-negotiable. A mic stand and a pop shield. They don’t cost more than $50,but they are absolutely essential.

 

I recommend this mic stand and this pop shield.They’re affordable, reliable, durable, and get the job done.

 

If you don’t have a mic stand, you’ll pick upall sorts of extra noise from the rapper handling the microphone. If you don’thave a pop shield, then the recording will have all sorts of unwanted noise andpops in the recording.

 

Next, you’ll want to place the mic stand inthe position you’ve determined earlier. To record great rap vocals, you wantthe microphone to be slightly higher than the rapper’s mouth, maybe 2-3”inches. Then you want to tilt the center of the microphone down toward therapper’s mouth. By making the microphone higher, the rapper is forced to opentheir throat fully and breath better, creating a much better sound.

 

Now you want the rapper to spit a few linesinto the mic, starting about one foot away, but you need to experiment with thedistance. Experiment with the sound between about a foot and two and a halffeet. The closer you get, the bassier the sound will tend to be, so put someforethought into the town you’re going for.

 

At the same time, the closer they are to themic, small movements from the rapper will result in larger volume fluctuations.

 

Once you’ve found the distance that is best for therapper, you want to place the pop filter between the rapper and the mic at thatdistance.  Then tell the rapper to singdirectly into the pop filter. This is a huge secret to recording great hip hopvocals.  The pop filter makes it so thatthe rapper doesn’t have to thinking about where to put their mouth, and it willalso help minimize volume fluctuations if their mouth is always in the sameplace.

Mic Check…one two(Setting levels to record hip hop vocals)

Do not skip this step if you want to learn how to record rap vocals.  You need to take the time to get the right levels, or your track will be full of clipping. In other words, it will be ruined by the ugliest distortion.  No amount of post-production will fix it.

Generally speaking, you don’t need to worry about recording too quietly, because you can easily turn up the volume in your DAW with little distortion. 

But, if you’re recording with a preamp, there is definitely something to be said for sending a hot signal into an outboard pre-amp like the Warm Audio Tonebeast, getting some of that analog warmth, and then using the “pad” function on your audio input to reduce the volume. 

To check the levels, have the rapper say “September” repeatedly as loud as they think they’ll be rapping at the loudest part. It’s a great word because it has lots of sibilant and plosive sounds.  You want to keep your levels at around 50% of a full signal. Then turn it down a tad from there. If you see any yellow light, turn it down (rapper’s tend to record louder than they mic check because they get excited).

At the same time, don’t get bogged down in this. At some point the rapper is going to be chomping at the bit to start recording, and you need to harness that energy.

Do not skip this step if you want to recordgreat rap vocals.  You need to take thetime to get the right levels, or your track will be full of clipping. In otherwords, it will be ruined.

 

Generally speaking, you don’t need to worryabout recording too quietly, because you can easily turn up the volume in mostDAWs with little distortion. But, if you’re recording with a preamp, there isdefinitely something to be said for sending a hot signal into the pre-amp,getting some of that warmth, and then using the “pad” function on your audioinput to reduce the volume.

 

To check the levels, have the rapper say “September”repeatedly. It’s a great word because it has lots of sibilant and plosive sounds.  You want to keep your levels at around 50% ofa full signal. If you see any yellow light, turn it down (rapper’s tend torecord louder than they mic check).

Prepare the Headphone Mix

Now it’s time to get the headphone mix going. Every DAW is going to be different, but what you need to do is get a great mix for the MC. They need to feel confident in their voice, so you may want to do a little bit of reverb or compression or EQ. 

 Ask them what they’d like more or less of, and check in with them about what they need between takes.

Stop. Collaborate. And listen.

So that’s basically how to record rap vocals.

But before you start recording, take a deep breath. Make sure everything is in place and ready to record. Listen one more time for ambient sounds that might wreck the recording. Go to the bathroom. 

 Then get to it!

Getting a Great Rap Vocal Performance

Once you hit the record button, it’s time to consider yourself less of an engineer and more of a motivational coach.

You see, the key thing you need to understand about how to record rap vocals is that you can’t polish a turd. So you need record good performances. Which means you need to keep the performer excited, feeling confident about what’s happening. This means that you need give them positive directions instead of negative directions.

Tips for recording rap vocals: The key thing you need to understand recording is that you can’t polish a turd. So you need record good performances. Which means you need to keep the performer excited, feeling confident about what’s happening. You need give them positive directions instead of negative directions. #musicproduction

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Instead of saying: “You need to do that verse better, you were behind the beat.” Try giving them something positive and specific to focus on, saying “That was solid, but I wanna try it again with you putting more emphasis on the downbeat.”

It also doesn’t hurt to tell them that the first take doesn’t count and that you’re just trying to get levels. They’ll relax and may give their best performance. Similarly, toward the end you may want to say that you just want to get some weird stuff for filler, so they should just relax and do the weirdest version of the song they can imagine. Sometimes you get some interesting performances or weird bits you can sample.

Shoot for 4-6 takes of each song. This will give you a good chance of making sure that you get the takes you need to piece together a great song, but it will also keep the session from bogging down. Usually the first few takes are the best. 

It’s important for the artist to feel like you’removing forward, because once the spirit of inspiration leaves the session, it’s gone.

How to Mix Rap Vocals Professionally

The number one secret to getting a good sounding vocal mix is not sexy. It’s time consuming. Boring. But if you want to learn how to mix rap vocals professionally, you need to be willing to sit down and edit out all the bad stuff.

After the recording is done, it’s time to get editing.  When you edit the vocals you’re going to be doing a few things: putting together the best performances, getting rid of unwanted noise, and using clip gain to get the performance to be at a consistent volume.

First, and most importantly you’re going to want to piece together the best takes. I often find that one take will be 80% there, and then you just need to drop in a line or word from the other takes.

 Sometimes, though, you need to be much more aggressive with your “comping.” You may need to edit together different verses and choruses, or in extreme examples you may even need to combine words from multiple takes to create one verse. 

Cross-fading the takes is going to be your best friend here. What I like to do is create an entirely new lane/track in my DAW and paste in the best bits. This way you don’t destroy any of the original material.

After you’ve gone ahead and assembled your compilation of the best takes into a final performance, you want to listen to the vocals in solo mode and take out any unnecessary noise. Listen for coughs, lyric sheets being shuffled, throat clearing, etc.

Equally important, you probably want to edit out any breaths. So listen to the track, and every time the rapper breaths, you want to use your DAW’s razor tool and mute it (don’t delete it). But don’t do these by rote – use your artistic sensibilities. Sometimes a breath can actually add a lot of drama or rhythm to a performance.

Finally, we want to work on the levels to ensure a nice, even performance. First look for any really loud or quiet words or passages. Use your DAW’s clip gain to lower or raise the volume of those sections. This will allow you to get better results from your compressor and volume automation in the next step. 

You also want to use this opportunity to drastically reduce the volume of any sibilance or plosives. This video will show you what I mean. But the main thing is that you’re looking for sounds like “p” or strong final consonants of words like “think.” You want to go in and make them a little less extreme. This, again, will create a more even performance, which lets you turn up the volume of the vocals relative to the instruments without clipping.

How to EQ Rap Vocals

At this point the main thing is to get a clear even sounding tone. As Rob Mayzes demonstrates in this video, you can break it down into a few steps.

At this point the main thing is to get a cleareven sounding tone. As Rob Mayzes demonstrates in this video, you can break it down into a few steps.

First, you’ll want to boost narrow EQ bands and remove a few really resonant sections. You’ll also want to use a high pass filter and remove everything below 80hz – 150hz (depending on the amount of mud and the singer).

Next, you may want to apply a de-esser to help with both the tone and the dynamics. This will remove a lot of the most sibilant sounds, which will make the vocals sound slightly less harsh, it will also allow the compressors to work easier.

Compressing Hip Hop Vocals

Next you’ll want to try adding two different compressors, if possible. An LA-2A style compressor first, which should betaking off a few decibels, followed by an 1176 style compressor with a slow attack and fast release time. These two compressors working together will get you a smoother sound then dialing in one compressor alone and having it do all the work. Just be sure to listen and make sure that you’re not strangling the dynamics of the track.

Next, you may want to add a little bit of EQ to enhance the tone of the vocals, whether it’s bringing out the body or adding a little air. The Maag style EQs are great for this. At this stage you may also want to consider adding a saturation plugin, like the free one from Softube,  to dirty up the voice ever so slightly. 

Finally, you may want to consider a short delay (10-20ms) panned hard to one side to create just a little more depth and fullness with the voice. Be careful you down drown it out, though. You want to be sure that the articulation and pronunciation are still clear.

Finally, you’ll want to automate the volume of your track to make sure that the vocals are always at the top of the mix. These are the steps you’ve got to take if you want to learn how to record rap vocals.

Effects on Rap Vocals

You may want to consider the occasional “creative” effect on rap vocals. Maybe a really pronounced delay for a word at the end of  a phrase. Or maybe some distortion on an aggressive passage. This is your time to shine. Just don’t outshine the artist.

You might also want to try to get creative with editing. It’s amazing the cool effects and transitions you can get by chopping up certain vocal phrases or by using pitch shifting. Just check out this video for some inspiration. 

Mastering Rap Vocals

It’s a common misconception among people learning how to record rap vocals that you want to master individual tracks. In fact, you will never want to be mastering rap vocals in isolation. This is not how to mix rap vocals professionally.

Instead, you master the entire final song, including the vocals, all together. If you master elements in isolation, you’re going to end up with a smashed recording with totally whack dynamics. I use iZotope Ozone for all of my mastering needs (but, again, never for mastering rap vocals in isolation).

If you follow these steps, you’ve basically learned how to record rap vocals. 

Final thoughts on How to Record Rap Vocals

So there you have it – follow these simple steps and you’ll learn how to record rap vocals cheap.

Now, I’ll admit, there’s no silver bullet in learning how to record rap vocals. It takes a lot of practice using the gear, a lot of skill from the performer (plus a touch of inspiration), and an experienced ear in the mixing stage. 

Nonetheless, if you keep practicing these skills, you will be able to produce professional quality mixes with really affordable gear.

 Have any questions? Just let me know in the comments!

So there you have it – the simple steps torecord hip hop vocals cheap. Now, there’s no silver bullet to recording. Ittakes a lot of practice using the gear, a lot of skill from the performer (plusa touch of inspiration), and an experienced ear in the mixing stage.

 

Nonetheless, if you keep practicing theseskills, you will be able to produce professional quality mixes with reallyaffordable gear.

 

Have any questions? Just let me know in the comments!

At this point the main thing is to get a cleareven sounding tone. As Rob Mayzes demonstrates in this video, you can break itdown into a few steps.

 

First, you’ll want to boost narrow EQ bandsand remove a few really resonant sections. You’ll also want to use a high passfilter and remove everything below 80hz – 150hz (depending on the amount of mudand the singer).

 

Next, you may want to apply a de-esser to helpwith both the tone and the dynamics. This will remove a lot of the most siliantsounds, which will make the vocals sound slightly less harsh, it will alsoallow the compressors to work easier.

 

Next you’ll want to try adding two differentcompressors, if possible. An LA-2A style compressor first, which should betaking off a few decibels, followed by an 1176 style compressor with a slowattack and fast release time. These two compressors working together will getyou a smoother sound then dialing in one compressor alone and having it do allthe work. Just be sure to listen and make sure that you’re not strangling thedynamics of the track.

 

Next, you may want to add a little bit of EQto enhance the tone of the vocals, whether it’s bringing out the body or addinga little air. At this stage you may also want to consider adding a saturationplugin to dirty up the voice ever so slightly.

 

Finally, you may want to consider a shortdelay (10-20ms) panned hard to one side to create just a little more depth andfullness with the voice. Be careful you down drown it out, though. You want tobe sure that the articulation and pronunciation are still clear.

 

Finally, you’ll want to automate the volume of yourtrack to make sure that the vocals are always at the top of the mix.

After the recording is done, it’s time to getediting. When you edit the vocals you’re going to be doing a few things:putting together the best performances, getting rid of unwanted noise, andusing clip gain to get the performance to be at a consistent volume.

 

First, and most importantly you’re going towant to piece together the best takes. I often find that one take will be 80%there, and then you just need to drop in a line or word from the other takes.

 

Sometimes, though, you need to be much moreaggressive with your “comping.” You may need to edit together different versesand choruses, or in extreme examples you may even need to combine lines frommultiple takes to create one verse.

 

Cross-fading the takes is going to be yourbest friend here. What I like to do is create an entirely new lane/track in myDAW and paste in the best bits. This way you don’t destroy any of the originalmaterial.

 

After you’ve gone ahead and assembled yourcompilation of the best takes into a final performance, you want to listen tothe vocals in solo mode and take out any unnecessary noise. Listen for coughs,lyric sheets being shuffled, throat clearing, etc.

 

Equally important, you probably want to editout any breaths. So listen to the track, and every time the rapper breaths, youwant to use your DAW’s razor tool and mute it (don’t delete it). But don’t dothese by rote – use your artistic sensibilities. Sometimes a breath canactually add a lot of drama or rhythm to a performance.

 

Finally, we want to work on the levels toensure a nice, even performance. First look for any really loud or quiet wordsor passages. Use your DAW’s clip gain to lower or raise the volume of thosesections. This will allow you to get better results from your compressor andvolume automation in the next step.

 

You also want to use this opportunity todrastically reduce the volume of any sibilance or plosives. This video willshow you what I mean. But the main thing is that you’re looking for sounds like“p” or strong final consonants of words like “think.” You want to go in andmake them a little less extreme. This, again, will create a more evenperformance, which lets you turn up the volume of the vocals relative to theinstruments without clipping.

Once you hit the record button, it’s time toconsider yourself less of an engineer and more of a motivational speaker.

 

You need to keep the performer excited,feeling confident about what’s happening. This means that you need give thempositive directions instead of negative directions.

 

Instead of saying: “You need to do that versebetter, you were behind the beat.” Try giving them something positive andspecific to focus on, saying “That was solid, but I wanna try it again with youputting more emphasis on the downbeat.”

 

It also doesn’t hurt to tell them that thefirst take doesn’t count and that you’re just trying to get levels. They’llrelax and may give their best performance. Similarly, toward the end you maywant to say that you just want to get some weird stuff, so they should justrelax and do the weirdest version of the song they can imagine. Sometimes youget some interesting performances or weird bits you can sample.

 

Shoot for 4-6 takes of each song. This willgive you a good chance of making sure that you get the takes you need to piecetogether a great song, but it will also keep the session from bogging down.

 

It’s important for the artist to feel like you’removing forward, because once the spirit of inspiration leaves the session, it’sgone.

Before you start recording, take a deepbreath. Make sure everything is in place and ready to record. Listen one moretime for ambient sounds. That might wreck the recording. Go to the bathroom.

 

Then get to it!

Now it’s time to get the headphone mix going.Every DAW is going to be different, but what you need to do is get a great mix.They need to feel confident in their voice, so you may want to do a little bitof reverb or compression or EQ.

 

Ask them what they’d like more or less of, and don’thesitate to ask them what they need between takes.

Be kind! Spread the word!

About the Author

Evan has been writing & recording music for the past couple decades. He's thrilled to have his songs have been played on NPR, the Outdoor Network, Verizon's On Demand Channel, and more. He's spent the past year teaching folks how they too can get started licensing their music.